At the Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa in December 2002, the Heads of State and Government made a joint statement to develop a large-scale and future bilateral agreement to improve trade and investment. On March 18, 2004, at the Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa, the Heads of State and Government agreed on a framework for a Trade and Investment Improvement Agreement (TIEA). In December 2004, the Government of Canada and the European Commission adopted a voluntary regulatory cooperation framework. The first round of TIEA negotiations took place in Brussels in May 2005. In 2006, Canada and the EU decided to suspend negotiations. When it comes to implementing EU and Canadian commitments in these areas, CETA provides civil society, including professional associations, trade unions, consumer organisations, environmental groups and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs), with a strong oversight function. “We set standards that will determine globalization in the years to come,” European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said at a press conference alongside Trudeau. “Nothing in other trade agreements can stay below the level we have reached today with Canada.” On 26 March 2014, Federal Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel wrote an open letter to EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht, in which he said that investment protection was a central sensitive issue that could ultimately decide whether a transatlantic free trade agreement would be approved by Germany. He also noted that there was no need for investment arbitration procedures between countries with well-developed legal systems. 1 CETA summary: the seven main parts of the agreement, European Commission, September 2017 Little is done for trade in services and above all almost nothing for trade in financial services, which is very important for the British economy. The eu-Canada Sustainability Impact Assessment (EID), a three-part study commissioned by the European Commission to independent experts and completed in September 2011, provided an overall forecast of the impact of CETA.
   It foresees a number of macroeconomic and sectoral impacts, indicating that in the long run the EU could see real GDP growth of 0.02 to 0.03% as a result of CETA, while it could increase from 0.18 to 0.36% in Canada; The “Investments” section of the report suggests that these figures could be higher when investment increases are taken into account.